Tag Archives: Singapore

Smart city cases – reading lists

I have been creating reading lists for case material on individual smart cities, or for countries/global regions, for one of my modules. I’m sharing as I thought they might be useful for others. If you have any suggestions to add to any section, or a set of readings relating to a city or region not included, please do add them in the comments or email them to me.

Dublin, Ireland

  • Cardullo, P. and Kitchin, R. (2019) Being a ‘citizen’ in the smart city: Up and down the scaffold of smart citizen participation in Dublin, Ireland. GeoJournal 84(1): 1-13.
  • Carvalho, L. and Otgaar, A. (2017) Dublinked (Dublin). In Carvalho, L., van der Berg, L., Galal, H. and Teunisse, P. (eds) Delivering Sustainable Competitiveness: Revisiting the Organising Capacity of Cities. Routledge, London.  pp. 41-60.
  • Coletta, C., Heaphy, L. and Kitchin, R. (2019) From the accidental to articulated smart city: The creation and work of ‘Smart Dublin’. European Urban and Regional Studies 26(4): 349–364
  • Coletta, C., Heaphy, L. and Kitchin, R. (2018) Actually-existing Smart Dublin: Exploring smart city development in history and context. In Karvonen, A., Cugurullo, F. and Caprotti, F. (eds) Inside Smart Cities: Place, Politics and Urban Innovation. Routledge. pp. 85-101.
  • Coletta, C. and Kitchin, R. (2017) Algorhythmic governance: Regulating the ‘heartbeat’ of a city using the Internet of Things. Big Data and Society 4: 1-16.
  • Heaphy, L. J. (2018, January 12). Interfaces and divisions in the Dublin Docklands ‘Smart District’. Programmable City Working Paper 37 https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/z2afc
  • Heaphy, L. and Pétercsák, R. (2018) Building smart city partnerships in the “Silicon Docks”
    In Coletta, C., Evans, L., Heaphy, L., and Kitchin, R. (eds) Creating Smart Cities. Oxon and New York: Routledge. pp. 76-89.
  • Kayanan, C. M., Eichenmüller, C. and Chambers, J. (2018). Silicon slipways and slippery slopes: techno-rationality and the reinvigoration of neoliberal logics in the Dublin Docklands. Space and Polity 22(1), 50–66.

Barcelona, Spain

  • Bria, F (2017) Barcelona digital government: Open, agile and participatory. Barcelona Digital City Blog. Available at: https://ajuntament.barcelona.cat/digital/en/blog/barcelona-digital-government-open-agile-and-participatory
  • Capdevila, I. and Zarlenga, M.I. (2015) Smart city or smart citizens? The Barcelona case. Journal of Strategy and Management 8(3): 266-282.
  • Calzada I. (2018) (Smart) Citizens from Data Providers to Decision-Makers? The Case Study of Barcelona. Sustainability 10(9): 32-52.
  • Charnock, G. March, H. and Ribera-Fumaz, R. (2021) From smart to rebel city? Worlding, provincialising and the Barcelona Model. Urban Studies 58(3): 581-600.
  • Lynch, CR (2020) Contesting digital futures: Urban politics, alternative economies, and the movement for technological sovereignty in Barcelona. Antipode 52(3): 660-680
  • March, H. and Ribera-Fumaz, R. (2016). Barcelona: From corporate smart city to technological sovereignty. In Karvonen, A., Cugurullo, F. and Caprotti, F. (eds) Inside Smart Cities: Place, Politics and Urban Innovation. Routledge. pp.
  • March, H. and Ribera-Fumaz, R. (2016). Smart contradictions: The politics of making Barcelona a self-sufficient city. European Urban and Regional Studies, 23(4): 816-830.
  • Smith, A. & Martín, P.P. (2021) Going Beyond the Smart City? Implementing Technopolitical Platforms for Urban Democracy in Madrid and Barcelona, Journal of Urban Technology 28(1-2): 311-330

Songdo, South Korea

  • Carvalho, L. (2012) Urban competiveness, U-city strategies and the development of technological niches in Songdo, South Korea. In Bulu, M. (ed) City competitiveness and improving urban subsystems. Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA. pp. 197-216.
  • Eireiner, A.V. (2021) Promises of Urbanism: New Songdo City and the Power of Infrastructure. Space and Culture. doi: 10.1177/12063312211038716
  • Halpern, O., LeCavalier, J., Calvillo, N. and Pietsch, W. (2013) Test-Bed Urbanism. Popular Culture 25(2): 272-306.
  • Kim, J.I. (2014) Making cities global: the new city development of Songdo, Yujiapu and Lingang. Planning Perspectives 29(3): 329-356
  • Kim, C. (2010) Place promotion and symbolic characterization of New Songdo City, South Korea. Cities 27(1): 13-19.
  • Shin, H., Park, S.H. and Sonn, J.W. (2015) The emergence of a multiscalar growth regime and scalar tension: the politics of urban development in Songdo New City, South Korea.  Environment and Planning C 33(6): 1618-1638.
  • Shin, H.B. (2017) Envisioned by the state: entrepreneurial urbanism and the making of Songdo City, South Korea. In Datta, A. and Shaban, A. (eds) Mega-urbanization in the Global South: Fast cities and new urban utopias of the postcolonial state. London: Routledge. pp. 83-100.
  • Shin, H.B., Zhao, Y. and Koh, S.Y. (2020): Whither progressive urban futures? City, doi: 10.1080/13604813.2020.1739925
  • Shwayri, S.T. (2013) A model Korean ubiquitous eco-city? The politics of making Songdo. Journal of Urban Technology 20(1): 39-55.

Toronto, Canada

  • Artyushina, A. (2020) Is civic data governance the key to democratic smart cities? The role of the urban data trust in Sidewalk Toronto. Telematics and Informatics 55
  • Carr, C. and Hesse, M. (2020). When Alphabet Inc. Plans Toronto’s Waterfront: New Post-Political Modes of Urban Governance. Urban Planning, 5(1), 69–83.
  • Flynn, A. and Valverde, M. (eds) (2020) Smart Cities in Canada: Digital Dreams, Corporate Designs. Lorimer, Toronto.
  • Goodman, E.P. and Powles, J. (2019) Urbanism under Google: Lessons from Sidewalk Toronto. Fordham Law Review 88(2): 457–498
  • Hodson, M. and McMeekin, A. (2021) Global technology companies and the politics of urban socio-technical imaginaries in the digital age: Processual proxies, Trojan horses and global beachheads. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space. doi: 10.1177/0308518X211002194.
  • Leszczynski, A. and Kong, V. (2022, online first), Gentrification and the an/aesthetics of digital spatial capital in Canadian “platform cities”. The Canadian Geographer
  • Mann, M, Mitchell, P, Foth, M, Anastasiu, I. (2020) #BlockSidewalk to Barcelona: Technological sovereignty and the social license to operate smart cities. Journal of the Association of Information, Science & Technology 71(9): 1103– 1115.
  • Robinson, P. and Coutts, S. (2019) The case of Quayside, Toronto, Canada. In Anthopoulos, L. (ed.) Smart City Emergence: Cases From Around the World. Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 333-350.
  • Tenney, M., Garnett, R. and Wylie, B. (2020), A theatre of machines: Automata circuses and digital bread in the smart city of Toronto. The Canadian Geographer 64(3): 388-401.
  • Zwick, A. and Spicer, A. (eds) (2021) The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy. McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal and Kingston.The Platform Economy and the Smart City: Technology and the Transformation of Urban Policy. McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal and Kingston.


  • Allam, Z. (2020) Urban Governance and Smart City Planning: Lessons from Singapore. Emerald, Bingley.
  • Calder, K.E. (2016) Singapore: Smart City, Smart State. Brookings Institute, Washington DC.
  • Chang F., Das D. (2020) Smart Nation Singapore: Developing Policies for a Citizen-Oriented Smart City Initiative. In: Kundu D., Sietchiping R., Kinyanjui M. (eds) Developing National Urban Policies. Springer, Singapore. 425-440
  • Elm, J. and Carvalho, L.C. (2020) Best Practices to Become a Sustainable Smart City: The Case of Singapore.” In Sousa, P.I. and Carvalho, L.C. (eds) Conceptual and Theoretical Approaches to Corporate Social Responsibility, Entrepreneurial Orientation, and Financial Performance. IGI Global: Hershey, PA., pp. 247-265.
  • Ho, E. (2017) ‘Smart subjects for a Smart Nation? Governing (smart)mentalities in Singapore’, Urban Studies, 54(13), pp. 3101–3118.
  • Hoe, S.L. (2016) Defining a smart nation: the case of Singapore. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 14(4): 323-333.
  • Kong, L, Woods, O (2018) The ideological alignment of smart urbanism in Singapore: Critical reflections on a political paradox. Urban Studies 55(4): 679–701.
  • Yeo, S.J.I. (2022, online first) Smart urban living in Singapore? Thinking through everyday geographies. Urban Geography
  • Yu-Min Joo (2021, online first) Developmentalist smart cities? The cases of Singapore and Seoul, International Journal of Urban Sciences

Amsterdam, Netherlands

  • Ampatzidou, C., Bouw, M., van de Klundert, F., de Lange, M. and de Waal, M. (2015) The Hackable City: A Research Manifesto and Design Toolkit. Amsterdam Creative Industries Publishing, Amsterdam.
  • Capra, C. F. (2016). The Smart City and its Citizens: Governance and Citizen Participation in Amsterdam Smart City. International Journal of E-Planning Research 5(1): 20-38
  • Fitzgerald, M. (2016) Data-Driven City Management: A Close Look at Amsterdam’s Smart City Initiative. MIT Sloan Management Review 57(4)
  • Shazade, J., Richter, C. and Taylor, L. (2019) People’s strategies for perceived surveillance in Amsterdam Smart City. Urban Geography 40(10): 1467-1484
  • van Winden, W., Oskam, I., van der Buuse, D., Schrama, W. and van Dijck, E-J. (2016) Organising smart city projects: Lessons from Amsterdam. Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. https://research.hva.nl/files/1127414/organising_smart_city_projects_2_.pdf
  • Veenkamp, J., Kresin, F. and Kortlander, M. (2020) Smart citizens in Amsterdam. In Willis, K.S. and Aurigi, A. (eds) The Routledge Companion to Smart Cities. Routledge, London. pp.
  • Zandbergen, D. (2020) The Unfinished Lampposts: The (anti-)politics of the Amsterdam smart lighting project. City & Society 32(1): 135-156.

Boston, USA

  • Bevilacqua, C., Ou, Y., Pizzimenti, P. and Minervino, G. (2020) New Public Institutional Forms and Social Innovation in Urban Governance: Insights from the “Mayor’s Office of New Urban Mechanics” (MONUM) in Boston. Sustainability 12(1): 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010023
  • Brown, D. (2018) The Urban Commons: How Data ad Technology Can Rebuild Our Communities. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
  • Goldsmith, S. and Crawford, S. (2014) The Responsive City: Engaging Communities Through Data-Smart Governance. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
  • Kitchin, R. and Moore-Cherry, N. (2020, online first) Fragmented governance, the urban data ecosystem and smart cities: the case of Metropolitan Boston. Regional Studies doi: 10.1080/00343404.2020.1735627
  • Peacock S., Harlow J., Gordon E. (2020) Beta Blocks: Inviting Playful Community Exploration of Smart City Technologies in Boston, USA. In: Nijholt A. (eds) Making Smart Cities More Playable. Gaming Media and Social Effects. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-9765-3_7

India smart cities

  • Basu, I. (2019). Elite discourse coalitions and the governance of ‘smart spaces’: Politics, power and privilege in India’s Smart Cities Mission. Political Geography 68: 77-85.
  • Chakrabarty, A (2019) Smart mischief: An attempt to demystify the Smart Cities craze in India. Environment and Urbanization 31(1): 193–208.
  • Das D.K., Sonar S.G. (2020) Exploring Dimensions and Elements for Smart City Development in India. In: Bandyopadhyay S., Pathak C., Dentinho T. (eds) Urbanization and Regional Sustainability in South Asia. Contemporary South Asian Studies. Springer, Cham. pp. 245-259
  • Datta, A. (2015) ‘New urban utopias of postcolonial India: ‘Entrepreneurial urbanization’ in Dholera smart city, Gujarat’, Dialogues in Human Geography, 5(1), pp. 3–22.
  • Datta, A. (2019) Postcolonial urban futures: Imagining and governing India’s smart urban age. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 37(3): 393-410.
  • Datta, A. (2020) The “Smart Safe City”: Gendered Time, Speed, and Violence in the Margins of India’s Urban Age, Annals of the American Association of Geographers
  • Hoelscher, K. (2016) ‘The evolution of the smart cities agenda in India’, International Area Studies Review, 19(1), pp. 28–44.
  • Parida, D. (2021, online first) Fantasy visions, informal urbanization, and local conflict: an evolutionary perspective on smart city governance in India. GeoJournal
  • Praharaj, S. and Han, H. (2019) Building a typology of the 100 smart cities in India. Smart and Sustainable Built Environment 8(5): 400-414.
  • Prasad, D., Alizadeh, T. and Dowling, R. (2021) Multiscalar Smart City Governance in India, Geoforum, 121: 173-180.
  • Prasad, D., Alizadeh, T. and Dowling, R. (2021, online first) Smart city place-based outcomes in India: bubble urbanism and socio-spatial fragmentation. Journal of Urban Design
  • Prasad, D., Alizadeh, T. (2020) What Makes Indian Cities Smart? A Policy Analysis of Smart Cities Mission. Telematics and Informatics 55
  • Willis, K.S. (2019), “Whose Right to the Smart City?”, Cardullo, P., Di Feliciantonio, C. and Kitchin, R. (Ed.) The Right to the Smart City, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 27-41.

Latin American smart cities

  • Amar Flórez, D. (2016) International Case Studies of Smart Cities: Medellin, Colombia. Inter-American Development Bank. https://publications.iadb.org/publications/english/document/International-Case-Studies-of-Smart-Cities-Medellin-Colombia.pdf
  • Gaffney, C. and Robertson, C. (2018) Smarter than Smart: Rio de Janeiro’s Flawed Emergence as a Smart City. Journal of Urban Technology 25(3): 47-64.
  • Irazábal, C. and Jirón, P. (2021) Latin American smart cities: Between worlding infatuation and crawling provincializing. Urban Studies, 58(3), pp. 507–534.
  • Jirón, P., Imilan, W.A., Lange, C. and Mansilla, P. (2021) Placebo urban interventions: Observing Smart City narratives in Santiago de Chile. Urban Studies 58(3): 601–620.
  • Marchetti, D., Oliveira, R. and Figueira, A.R. (2019) Are global north smart city models capable to assess Latin American cities? A model and indicators for a new context. Cities 92: 197-207.
  • Przeybilovicz, E., Cunha, M.A., Macaya, J.F.M. and Porto De Albuquerque, J. (2018) A Tale of two ‘Smart Cities’: Investigating the Echoes of New Public Management and Governance Discourses in Smart City Projects in Brazil. 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322337516_A_Tale_of_two_Smart_Cities_Investigating_the_Echoes_of_New_Public_Management_and_Governance_Discourses_in_Smart_City_Projects_in_Brazil
  • Schreiner, C. (2016) International Case Studies of Smart Cities: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Inter-American Development Bank. https://publications.iadb.org/publications/english/document/International-Case-Studies-of-Smart-Cities-Rio-de-Janeiro-Brazil.pdf
  • Smith, H., Medero, G., Crane De Narváez, S. and Castro Mera, W. (2022, online first) Exploring the relevance of ‘smart city’ approaches to low-income communities in Medellín, Colombia. GeoJournal
  • Talvard, F. (2019) Can urban “miracles” be engineered in laboratories? Turning Medellín into a model city for the Global South. In Coletta, C., Evans, L., Heaphy, L., and Kitchin, R. (eds) Creating Smart Cities. Oxon and New York: Routledge. pp. 62-75.
  • Tironi, M. and Valderrama, M. (2022, online first) Worth-making in a datafied world: Urban cycling, smart urbanism, and technologies of justification in Santiago de Chile. The Information Society

Chinese smart cities

  • Atha, K., Callahan, J., Chen, J., Drun, J., Green, K., Lafferty, B., McReynolds, J., Mulvenon, J., Rosen, B., Walz, E. (2020) China’s Smart Cities Development. SOSi. https://www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/2020-04/China_Smart_Cities_Development.pdf
  • Caprotti, F., Liu, D. Platform urbanism and the Chinese smart city: the co-production and territorialisation of Hangzhou City Brain. GeoJournal (2020).
  • Cowley, R., Caprotti, F., Ferretti, M. and Zhong, C. (2018) Ordinary Chinese smart cities. In Karvonen, A., Cugurullo, F. and Caprotti, F. (eds) Inside Smart Cities: Place, Politics and Urban Innovation. Routledge, London. pp.
  • Curran, D. and Smart, A. (2021) Data-driven governance, smart urbanism and risk-class inequalities: Security and social credit in China. Urban Studies 58(3): 487-506.
  • Große-Bley, J. and Kostka, G. (2021) Big Data Dreams and Reality in Shenzhen: An Investigation of Smart City Implementation in China. Big Data & Society 8(2): 1-14.
  • Guo, M., Liu, Y., Yu, H., Hu, B. and Sang, Z. (2016) An overview of smart city in China. China Communications 13(5): 203-211.
  • Hu, R. (2019) The State of Smart Cities in China: The Case of Shenzhen. Energies 12(22): 4375. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12224375
  • Qin, B. and Qi, S. (2021) Digital transformation of urban governance in China: The emergence and evolution of smart cities. Digital Law Journal 2(1).
  • Shepard, W. (2015) Ghost Cities of China: The Story of Cities without People in the World’s Most Populated Country. Zed Books, London.
  • Wang, B., Loo, B.P.Y. and Huang, G. (2021, online first) Becoming Smarter through Smart City Pilot Projects: Experiences and Lessons from China since 2013. Journal of Urban Technology
  • Wang, Y., Ren, H., Dong, L., Park, H-P., Zhang, Y. and Xu, Y. (2019) Smart solutions shape for sustainable low-carbon future: A review on smart cities and industrial parks in China, Technological Forecasting and Social Change 144 (July): 103-117.Technological Forecasting and Social Change 144 (July): 103-117.

African smart cities

  • Guma, P. (2021) Rethinking Smart Urbanism: City-Making and the Spread of Digital Infrastructures in Nairobi. Eburon Academic Publishers.
  • Herbert, C. W. and Murray, M. J. (2015) Building from scratch: new cities, privatized urbanism and the spatial restructuring of Johannesburg after Apartheid. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 39(3): 471-494.
  • Murray, M.H. (2017) Frictionless utopias for the contemporary urban age: large-scale, master-planned redevelopment projects in urbanizing Africa. In Datta, A. and Shaban, A. (eds) Mega-urbanization in the Global South: Fast cities and new urban utopias of the postcolonial state. London: Routledge. pp. 31–53.
  • Odendaal, N. (2016) Getting Smart about Smart Cities in Cape Town: Beyond the Rhetoric. In Marvin, S., Luque-Ayala, A. and McFarlane, C. (eds.) Smart Urbanism: Utopian Vision or False dawn? London: Routledge.
  • Watson, V. (2014) African urban fantasies: dreams or nightmares? Environment and Urbanization 26: 215–231.
  • Watson, V. (2017) New African city plans: local urban form and the escalation of urban inequalities. In Datta, A. and Shaban, A. (eds) Mega-urbanization in the Global South: Fast cities and new urban utopias of the postcolonial state. London: Routledge. pp. 54–65.

Rob Kitchin


Ulysses workshop, Session 3: Reshaping research and approaches in data driven and experimental urbanism

[We are happy to share the second set of videos of the Session 3 “Reshaping research and approaches in data driven and experimental urbanism” from the recent workshop Reshaping Cities through Data and Experiments“. The introduction, session 1 and session 2 are also available]

Reflexivity in engaged research (Liam Heaphy)

Research on smart city programmes, where cities are actively seeking to show themselves as engaged and innovative, implies a relationship with a range of supporting institutions and companies, including universities and the spin-off enterprises which they originate. The adoption of triple and quadruple helix models of science is actively supported by funders at the national or federal scale, and researchers are co-opted into smart city projects in both an official capacity and as external advisors. In the case of our research, we influence smart city discourse through developing key concepts, engagement process, and providing a reflective perspective back to our cities. This presentation considers how we deal with reflexivity in academia, and its bearing on future research.

Investigating city experiments (Brice Laurent & David Pontille)


We are grateful to the IRC, Ambassade de France in Ireland and the Maynooth University Social Sciences Institute for their generous support and for making possible this event.